Martti Rapola’s 19th century vocabulary

Martti Rapola (1891–1972), a distinguished researcher of Old Literary Finnish and Finnish Dialects, compiled extensive material on 19th-century Literary Finnish, which he organized according to its significance. From these pickings made in the 1930s and 1950s, Rapola’s 19th-century vocabulary was created, comprising a total of 44,000 headwords. Rapola made use of this material in many articles published in the 1940s and 1950s and in a selection published in 1960, named ’Sanojemme ensiesiintymiä Agricolasta Yrjö-Koskiseen’, which, as the name implies, contains a vocabulary established in Literary Finnish.

The material published online is based on the original headwords, which have been selectively submitted as a database. It contains information about a total of 5600 words, divided into 1070 concepts. This is about a quarter of the original data.  

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Martti Rapola’s 19th century vocabulary, Sanat version
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This resource group page has a Persistent Identifier: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:lb-2022021805

Place Names in Slang

This resource contains the result of the competition of gathering place names in colloquial language. The competition was hold 18.8.–3.11.2003 in schools of Espoo, Helsinki, Kauniainen and Vanta. It was organized by Stadin slangi ry, the Institute for the Languages of Finland and Helsingin Sanomat.

The whole collection of the competition – about 14 500 names – is organized after the names as well as per school. Additionally to the names other information given by the pupils were published: the official name of the place, the location of the place, example sentences and other additional information like the origin of the name and its use.

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Place Names in Slang
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Place Names in Slang, Sanat version
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This resource group page has a Persistent Identifier: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:lb-2022021804

Digital collections of Kotus

The website offers  a collection of links to all digitally and publicly available language resources of the Institute for the Languages of Finland.

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Examples of language resources available in the service:

Dictionary of Finnish dialects

Dictionary of Old Literary Finnish

Etymological Database of the Sami Languages

Etymological Reference Database

Frequencies of Early Modern Finnish Words

Frequencies of Old Literary Finnish Words

Frequency list of Written Finnish Word Forms

Headword List of the Karelian Dictionary

Modern Finnish Word List

Names of Countries in Seven Languages

 

This resource group page has a Persistent Identifier: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:lb-2022020901

 

Etymological Reference Database

This resource is offered by Kotus, Kotimaisten kielten keskus, the Institute for the Languages of Finland. It consists of an Etymological Reference Database, which includes references to texts on the etymology of Finnish words.

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Etymological Reference Database
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This resource group page has a Persistent Identifier: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:lb-2021093002

Modern Finnish Word List

This resource is offered by Kotus, Kotimaisten kielten keskus, the Institute for the Languages of Finland.

The entries of the word list are simple XML elements that indicate the lemma and inflection type for basic words. Rare inflection types and other restrictions are marked with attributes. Compounds are usually listed as just the lemma. Examples of the 78 inflection types and 17 consonant gradation types are available on the web site.

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Modern Finnish Word List
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This resource group page has a Persistent Identifier: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:lb-2021092006

Frequency List of Written Finnish Word Forms

This resource is offered by Kotus, Kotimaisten kielten keskus, the Institute for the Languages of Finland.

The resource contains a ranked frequency list of Finnish word forms as they appear in the Finnish Parole text corpus of 17 million written tokens. The list is available for download in three different sizes: all tokens, tokens that occur more than once, and tokens that occur more than twice, all in ISO-8859-1 (Latin-1) one entry per line. The five thousand most frequent forms are also available for browsing on the web site.

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Frequency List of Written Finnish Word Forms
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This resource group page has a Persistent Identifier: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:lb-2021092005

Frequencies of Early Modern Finnish Words

This resource is offered by Kotus, Kotimaisten kielten keskus, the Institute for the Languages of Finland.

The list includes the word forms included in the Corpus of Early Modern Finnish of the Institute for the Languages of Finland together with their frequency information.

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Frequencies of Early Modern Finnish Words
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This resource group page has a Persistent Identifier: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:lb-2021092004

Frequencies of Old Literary Finnish Words

This resource is offered by Kotus, Kotimaisten kielten keskus, the Institute for the Languages of Finland.

The resource contains a list of frequencies of old literary Finnish words. The list includes the words from the Corpus of Old Literary Finnish together with information about their frequency.

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Frequencies of Old Literary Finnish Words
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This resource group page has a Persistent Identifier: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:lb-2021092003

Online Lexicon of Veps Language

This resource is offered by Kotus, Kotimaisten kielten keskus, the Institute for the Languages of Finland.

The resource contains the Online Lexicon of Veps Language from Lauri Kettunen’s (1885-1963) handwritten dictionary and notes. Kettunen travelled twice to Veps areas, in 1917-1918 and in 1934 with Lauri Posti and Paavo Siro.

The lexicon, which is based on the field notes, has been digitized.

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Online Lexicon of Veps Language
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The Sanat Version of the Online Lexicon of Veps Language
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This resource group page has a Persistent Identifier: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:lb-2021092001

Etymological Database of the Sami Languages

This resource is offered by Kotus, Kotimaisten kielten keskus, the Institute for the Languages of Finland.

The database is built on the ca. 25,000 North Saami entries of Nielsen’s Pohjoissaamen sanakirja [North Saami Dictionary]. The words were incorporated in the database in cooperation with the Finno-Ugric Department of the University of Helsinki. The database includes the variants, as well as the etymological and derivational references at the end of the word articles, given in Nielsen’s dictionary. Each word is also provided with English-language meanings based on the data in Nielsen’s dictionary; Finnish meanings based on Sammallahti’s Saamelais-suomalainen sanakirja [Saami-Finnish dictionary]; and German meanings based on Sammallahti and Nickel’s Saamisch-deutsches Wörterbuch.

More information on the Álgu project

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Etymological Database of the Sami Languages
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This resource group page has a Persistent Identifier: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:lb-2021091417

Dictionary of Old Literary Finnish

The Dictionary of Old Literary Finnish presents from the point of view of both meaning and usage as exhaustively as possible all the words of the Finnish literary sources from 1543-1810.
This language resource was published on 21st November 2014 and is to be continuously updated.
The Dictionary of Old Literary Finnish is the product of a joint project between the Institute for the Languages of Finland and the Kone Foundation.

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Dictionary of Old Literary Finnish
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This resource group page has a Persistent Identifier: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:lb-2021091416

Dictionary of Finnish Dialects

This resource is offered by Kotus, Kotimaisten kielten keskus, the Institute for the Languages of Finland. The purpose of the Dictionary of Finnish Dialects is to present the vocabulary of the Finnish dialects based on a large amount of data collected.

The first part of the dictionary, which was planned to contain 20 volumes, was published in 1985. By 2010 eight approximately 1000 pages long volumes were published. These volumes covered the words from the letter “a” to the word “kurvottaa”. In 2010, it was decided that the dictionary should be published from then on in an electronic form as an online service that can be used free of charge. The first part of the online dictionary (kus-kyntsöttää) was published in early 2012, after which the dictionary is to be enlarged with both new and already printed alphabetical parts about once a year. On 22 October 2014 the online dictionary was enlarged to contain the words from ”kala” to ”käävätä.”

The dictionary presents the entire vocabulary of all the Finnish dialects. It does not make a distinction based on whether the word is dialectal or standard / literary. Such a distinction would be to a certain degree impossible, since the vocabulary of standard Finnish is mostly based on the vocabulary of different Finnish dialects.

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Dictionary of Finnish Dialects
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This resource group page has a Persistent Identifier: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:lb-2021091415

Name Component Lexicon

This resource is offered by Kotus, Kotimaisten kielten keskus, the Institute for the Languages of Finland. All name components with some frequency in the Swedish place name bank in Finland are presented in the lexicon. There is an emphasis on material from the most common name elements, out of which the majority of the place names are built. In addition to this suffixes and certain word endings are considered, as well as the most common types of loan names.

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Name Component Lexicon
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The Sanat Version of the Name Component Lexicon
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This resource group page has a Persistent Identifier: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:lb-2021091414

Dictionary of Contemporary Finnish

The Dictionary of Contemporary Finnish is a dictionary of standard Finnish made by the Institute for the Languages of Finland. It is based on an extensive, constantly expanding word archive of contemporary Finnish. The dictionary provides information on the meanings, usage and nuances of style of contemporary Finnish words, as well as about their inflection and spelling. The information provided by the dictionary is based on the decisions of the Finnish Language Board. The dictionary contains over 100 000 lemmas.

More information

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Dictionary of Contemporary Finnish
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This resource group page has a Persistent Identifier: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:lb-2021091412

Karelian Dictionary

The six volumes of the Karelian dictionary were published in 1968-2005 by the Institute for the Languages of Finland and the Finno-Ugrian Society.

The online dictionary is a project of the Insitute for the Languages of Finland. It is updated according to necessity and resources.

More information on the dictionary: http://kaino.kotus.fi/kks

Website: https://kaino.kotus.fi/cgi-bin/kks/karjala.cgi

Downloadable in XML format: http://kaino.kotus.fi/kks/lataa/kksxml.zip

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Karelian Dictionary
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Headword List of the Karelian Dictionary
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Of this language corpus different versions are (or might be in the future) published in the Language Bank of Finland. The versions are available through the Language Bank Download Service and/or through the Korp concordance tool, or they are offered by another member organisation of FIN-CLARIN. The links to the different versions can be found from the list above.

Detailed information on the content of each version, user rights and licenses can be found from it’s specific metadata record in META-SHARE.

This resource group page has a Persistent Identifier: http://urn.fi/urn:nbn:fi:lb-2021091405