Guidelines for processing corpora stored in the Language Bank of Finland that contain personal data


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Always comply with these guidelines when processing corpora obtained from the Language Bank of Finland that contain personal data.

Does the corpus contain personal data?

Corpora stored in the Language Bank of Finland that contain personal data have the following label in their licence:

PRIV: There are personal data in the resource.

The licence details of individual corpora can be found in the corpora listing of the Language Bank of Finland next to the corpus in question as well as in its metadata, which can be accessed using the persistent identifier assigned to the corpus (i.e., the URN address included in the citation instructions).

Resource-specific data protection terms and conditions

All corpora labelled PRIV contain a separate description of the resource-specific data protection terms and conditions, including the following details:

  • Data controller of the personal data that are distributed via the Language Bank of Finland
  • Types of personal data and data subject groups included in the corpus 
  • Description of the purposes for which the corpus can be further distributed by the Language Bank of Finland
  • Restrictions regarding the location and transfer of the personal data to countries outside Finland
  • Further processing instructions pertaining to personal data in the specific corpus, if any

The creation of resource-specific data protection pages is currently in progress. In case you discover that a separate description of the data protection terms and conditions for a specific corpus is not yet available and you cannot find corresponding information in the metadata of the resource, please request clarification from the FIN-CLARIN service address: fin-clarin(at)

How to process corpora that contain personal data?

By using the corpora stored in the Language Bank of Finland, you undertake to comply with the general terms of use of the Language Bank of Finland as well as corpus-specific special terms. 

When using a PRIV-labelled corpus, you undertake to process the personal data included in it confidentially, carefully and solely for the purpose for which you were granted access to the corpus. Further restrictions are described in the resource-specific data protection terms and conditions that are published along with the corpus-specific license.

  • If you are granted access to a corpus on the basis of a personal application and you have presented a research plan or a similar description of the purpose in connection with the application, you can use the corpus only for the purpose stated. Additional restrictions which apply to individual corpora are stated in resource-specific license and data protection terms and conditions.
  • If you gain access to a corpus without a separate application, but access requires logging in as a researcher or student, the corpus can be processed only for research and teaching purposes. Additional restrictions which apply to individual corpora are stated in resource-specific license and data protection terms and conditions.

When processing corpora that contain personal data, please apply sufficient protective measures in accordance with the instructions provided by your own organisation. Special care is needed when processing corpora that contain sensitive personal data (also known as special categories of personal data).

Carry out your duties as the data controller

When starting to process a corpus obtained through the Language Bank of Finland that contains personal data for the purposes of new research or another purpose, you and/or your home organisation assume the role of data controller for the corpus. Among other responsibilities, the controller is obliged to demonstrate the lawfulness of the processing of personal data, when necessary.

The instructions provided by your own organisation must be observed in the first instance when processing personal data. If instructions provided by your home organisation are unavailable, you can familiarise yourself, for example, with the Data Management Guidelines published by the Finnish Social Science Data Archive when planning the processing.

Remember to draw up a privacy notice

As the controller, you must usually draw up a privacy notice on the processing of personal data. Comply with the instructions provided by your own organisation in this instance as well. When drawing up a privacy notice, you can utilise the privacy notice associated with the original corpus, or the description of the personal data included in it.

When starting to use a corpus stored in the Language Bank of Finland that contains personal data, first publish the privacy notice pertaining to your purpose of processing, for example, on a website provided by your organisation. You can share a short title of your project that is understandable to the general public as well as a link to the openly available privacy notice by using this formWe publish this information on the Language Bank of Finland website to make it available to anyone interested in the purposes for which the corpus is used.

Apply proportionate protective measures

Comply with the guidelines of your own organisation. When necessary, you can view examples of protective measures employed by the Language Bank of Finland and other potential measures which you may need when processing personal data. 

Personal data in scientific presentations and publications

Personal data must also be processed responsibly and in compliance with good ethics when creating scientific publications and presentations based on corpora.

When reporting on the results of scientific research, personal data must be, as a rule, removed or redacted, for example, by pseudonymisation and by classifying data subjects’ age, domicile and other details into more extensive categories so that study participants cannot be identified on the basis of such details or by combining them with other data.

In certain cases, presenting scientific research results requires the presentation of data that contain personal data. For example, it may be necessary to link short individual samples from the corpus to a scientific article, or a specific section must be presented in connection with a conference presentation. However, carefully consider the potential impact on and risk to the study subjects, their family members or others close to them associated with publishing or presenting samples that contain personal data. The scope of the samples intended for publication must not exceed the scientific purposes, and all unnecessary personal data must be removed or pseudonymised from the samples using appropriate means.

Please also note that if the study subjects have been, for some reason, clearly informed that no personal data associated with them will be published, and the sample to be published cannot be fully anonymised, a separate consent for publishing the sample must be requested from the subjects.

Several purposes? 

If a PRIV-labelled corpus, which requires access rights, is to be processed for more than one purpose – for example, if at a later date there is a wish to carry out a new study not directly connected to the previous topic – access rights must be applied for from the Language Bank of Finland separately for each purpose. Naturally, all grounds for the processing must be stated in the privacy notice(s).

Errors and misconduct

If you come across personal data which you believe should not be included in a corpus based on its description, please report the matter immediately to the Language Bank of Finland and/or directly to the controller of the data. This also applies to instances where you suspect that personal data have, for some reason, fallen into the wrong hands.

Privacy practices of the Language Bank of Finland

Last updated 30.8.2021

Data Clinic 2019-20

This online course can support you in managing, annotating and analyzing your language material when you start working with your MA thesis or PhD project. A similar course has been previously offered by FIN-CLARIN under the title Corpus Clinic. Please note that the number of participants is restricted. Read more…

Registration period for the course Corpus Clinic

The course is organized in English during 9.11.2018 – 26.04.2019. The registration deadline has been extended until 23rd November 2018 until when you can join the course area on Moodle. Welcome aboard!

More information

Mark Davies’ corpora at Kielipankki – The Language Bank of Finland

If you are a researcher affiliated to a Finnish university with a HAKA account, the Language Bank can offer you the full text data of the corpora listed below.

Access to all of the downloadable corpora listed below is restricted. For a description including license, please see the metadata. To obtain access, please submit an application via the Language Bank Rights.

External corpus services by Mark Davies at Academic license for users from the University of Helsinki

  • The services at include an interface for searching a number of corpora, particularly corpora in the English language but also many other languages. The search interface is somewhat different from the Korp service at the Language Bank.
  • The downloadable versions of the corpora offered via the Language Bank (listed above) essentially include the same content that was available via the online service at at the time of acquiring the corpora.
  • In addition to the specific downloadable versions corpora (listed above), an academic license is available for students and staff at the University of Helsinki for using the online services for accessing corpora at  The academic license is valid during the years 2022–2026 for logged-in students and faculty members at the University of Helsinki. Instructions for joining the academic license are provided below.
  • Please note that the corpus service at is not part of FIN-CLARIN or the Language Bank of Finland.
NB: In case you only wish to use the downloadable corpora via the Language Bank of Finland, you do not need to complete the academic license procedure below. Note that the downloadable versions of the corpora will remain for download in the Language Bank even after the academic license to use the online service has expired.

To benefit from the academic license as a student or researcher at the University of Helsinki, you may do the following:

  1. Log in at (If accessing the service for the first time, you need to create a user account first.)
  2. Click on the link ”select your university (if applicable)”.
  3. Answer the question about your status as a faculty member or student.
  4. Select your country from the drop-down list.
  5. On the list of organizations, click on the link that says ”University of Helsinki”, to join the academic license.
  6. If this does not work for you, please check the current list of academic licenses to see if your own home organization offers extended access to

If you fulfilled the criteria for the academic license, you should be able to perform up to 200 searches per day if you are a student, and 400 searches per day if you are a faculty member.

Citation practices regarding corpora at

The corpus architecture and web interface at (and many of the corpora that are available there) were created by Mark Davies and/or other parties. Further details on how to cite their corpora, licensing, technical features etc. can be found at

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